About Patiala ( latitude: 30.3271500, longitude: 76.4026600 )
Royal patiala Patiala (Punjabi: ਪਟਿਆਲਾ) is a city in southeastern Punjab, in northern India. It is the fourth largest city in the state and is the administrative capital of Patiala district. Patiala is located around the Qila Mubarak (the Fortunate Castle). It was constructed by militiamen Sardar Lakhna and Baba Ala Singh in 1763. Lakhna stated that "Ala Singh will be sitting ruler while I should be the standing ruler of the state".
Patiala is an Indian National Congress stronghold. In popular culture, the city remains famous for its traditional turban (a type of headgear), paranda (a tasselled tag for braiding hair), patiala salwar (a type of female trousers), jutti (a type of footwear) and Patiala peg (a measure of liquor).
The first Indian astronaut, Rakesh Sharma, was born in Patiala.